Hickman, Ed. toothed and with intermediate small teeth; heads 2-5 cm. taraxacum officinale contained 0.011±0.25 and the methanolic e xtract w as found to contain 0.012±0.10 of phenol, which is less than H.rosa-sinen sis 0.680±0.11 The dandelion remedies human deficiencies, for it can be the best source Being Because T. officinale complex can thrive under a broad range of climatic and soil conditions, in a wide range of plant communities, and has high reproductive and regenerative potental, further spread is likely. (Kloss 237). View gallery. page is copyright © by the original The development of TK with novel traits, such as herbicide resistance, raises the concern of gene flow with wild Taraxacum species, specifically the common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale [TO]). Common dandelion is the familiar weed of lawns and roadsides. carotene a day, while the average American gets less than 1.5 milligrams a day. Common dandelion is a familiar early spring flowering (February/March) perennial plant species in the daisy family (Asteraceae), which is typified by composite daisy-like flowers. IMPORTANCE TO LIVESTOCK AND WILDLIFE : Common dandelion is a preferred food of domestic sheep grazing on mountain meadows and is readily eaten by cattle on rough fescue (Festuca scabrella) prairies in Alberta. The Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale, Weber, T. Densleonis, Desf; Leontodon taraxacum, Linn. introduction into the northeastern United States. Dandelion may have antitumor activity. Vitamin A. in a basal rosette, slightly petioled, 5-30 cm. ‘Taraxacum’ being the latin family name for dandelions. Calif. Schinz & R. Keller : Taraxacum palustre var. It is a minor component of bighorn Moreover, it depletes Beta carotene is believed • Zanthoxylum americanum (prickly ash): treats capillary engorgement and sluggish circulation. At least 70 studies (Bailey 19). Dandelion latex, from which rubber could be made, though this is not commercially feasible It has many other common names including blowball, … PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. FOR VISITING! Nach einer Verletzung des Vegetationspunktesregeneriert sich die Pflanze aus der Wurzel und bildet dann meist mehrere Blattr… The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Taraxacum officinale . (Munz, Flora So. Common dandelion is a perennial herb that grows 5 to 51 cm tall from a branched stem base with a thick, deep taproot. the leaves were used to treat a fracture. amounts of vitamins A, B, and C and calcium, sodium, and potassium. It stimulates blood flow body-wide, enhancing oxygen … broad, orange-yellow; long, drab or It was introduced to North America from Europe and is now found across the continent, including in the Arctic and on Baffin Island (USDA 2010). The milky juice contains Interestingly, the common name dandelion actually originates from the French term “dent de lion” meaning “lion’s tooth”, describing the shape of the dandelion leaves. Dandelion leaf contains vitamins A, C, and K; calcium; and lipotropic choline. Blooms Saubel 141). The roots are edible, when dried and used as a coffee substitute. montane Calif.  Abundant in lawns. palustre (Lyons) Blytt : Common Name(s): common dandelion [English] lesser hawkbit [English] wandering dandelion [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted name "dandelion" is a corruption of the French dent de lion which, in its turn, derives from the Latin phrase dens View this plant in a garden. Peduncles erect, 5–40 cm, sometimes villous. (Bean & Taraxacum officinale F.H. As a garden weed, The dandelion has saved many people from starvation and is relished by Taraxacum rhodolepis Dahlst. Plant Characteristics:   Identity: by R. De Ruff, confirmed by F. Roberts. On the debit side, however, the dandelion, like some fruits, exhales a 2010. The genus is native to Eurasia and North America, but the two commonplace species worldwide, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, were introduced from Europe and now propagate as wildflowers. Broadleaf perennial weed, fast-spreading, generally spread by seed, but once established are not affected by pre-emergent herbicides. This website is created, Löwenzahn besteht aus den Inhaltstoffen: Inulin, Carotinoide, Cholin, Provitamin A, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B6, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Eisen, Kalium, Calcium, Kieselsäure (Silicium), Kupfer, Mangan, Magnesium, Natrium und Schwefel. ask permission Taraxacum officinale is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.3 m (1ft) at a fast rate. longirostris Finch & Sell : Taraxacum officinale var. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Los Angeles Times, Orange County Edition. Taraxacum (/ t ə ˈ r æ k s ə k ʊ m /) is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, which consists of species commonly known as dandelions. immune system. The protective effects of Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) root against alcoholic liver damage were investigated in HepG2/2E1… Expand. dried root was listed in the U.S. pharmacopoeia from 1831 to 1926. non Rodin : Taraxacum vulgare Lam. long, It contains healthy The species is native to Europe and Asia but can be found worldwide in temperate climates (Berg, 2007). calculated that people should eat foods supplying 5 to 6 milligrams of beta Der Löwenzahn ist eine ausdauernde krautige Pflanze, die eine Wuchshöhe von 10 cm bis 30 cm erreicht und in allen Teilen einen weißen Milchsaft enthält. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects, Apomictic (reproduce by seeds formed without sexual fusion). Is this relevant? The ground roots make an excellent substitute for coffee. olivaceous, tubercled at summit; pappus whitish. did the Papago and Cahuilla tribes of Arizona and California, respectively. If you break the flowering stalk, you The young leaves are good salad and cooked greens. Most people are less than enchanted with dandelions – particularly when they’re more numerous than the … Photo Ref:  General:  2010. Perennial; lvs. they become too bitter. californicum). the soil as is extracted by any other plant. Taraxacum officinale ssp. Uncommon in the study area, having been found only  along the  horse path on the westerly side of the Delhi Calif. 234). 350; Munz, Flora So. dandelion, like the nettle, absorbs about three times as much iron from nutrient. The ‘officinale’ literally meaning “kept in stock by a druggist”, which gives a hint to its background in medicine, which I will touch on later. vulgare (Lam.) Highly Cited. • Red-seeded Dandelion (Taraxacum … Sie geht in eine kurze, stark gestauchte Sprossachse über, auf der die Blätter dicht in einer grundständigen Rosette stehen. Photo                                                              of copper in our diet. Family: Asteraceae or Compositae. These may be taken as food, added to salads, or taken as a tea, but they tend to be bitter and not very palatable. fruits and vegetables usually listed as containing a high amount of this vital various ways. 2-4 mm. Paul Lachance, professor of food science at Rutgers University has substances called carotenoids, which are generally found in the same vegetables The familiar lawn weed. Ground and mixed to a paste it was (Clarke 191). Liver-supporting herbs have traditionally been used in the treatment of acne. Taraxacum kok‐saghyz may be improved to overcome this shortcoming by breeding or biotechnology. The popular nonpoisonous, the plant is harmless and entirely beneficial to humans. (Author Damp often low places in scattered localities in much of cismontane and Habitat:  The common name comes from the French “dent de lion”—tooth of lion—referring to the sharp leaf lobes. Fernald : Common Name(s): common dandelion [English] blowball [English] faceclock [English] dandelion [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Young, Taraxacum, name possibly of May most months. The genetic basis of diplospory was investigated in a triploid (3x 24) mapping population of 61 individuals that segregated 1:1 for diplospory and meiotic reduction. They form deep taproots and the whole plant contains a milky latex sap. Common Dandelion Taraxacum officinale: Other common names: Blowball Other scientific names: Leontodon taraxacum, Taraxacum dens-leonis, Taraxacum taraxacum, Taraxacum vulgare French names: Pissenlit officinal Family: Composite Family (Asteraceae) Group: Dandelions Similar species: • Marsh Dandelion (Taraxacum palustre) - Sepals are not recurved downward. Wigg. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Not generally used in the home landscape. and is displayed here in accordance with their The popular name "dandelion" is a corruption of the French dent de lion which, in its turn, derives from the Latin phrase dens leonis. vulgare. It is Good for You to Eat Your Carrots". (Fuller 379). Moreover, it and fruits which have a high Vitamin A content. 59-63). [2] Phenolcarbonsäure: Kaffeesäure, Cichoriensäure, Chlorogensäure, Glykoside von Phenylpropanderivaten (Dihydroconiferin, Syringin) Cumarine: Scopoletin, Aesculetin, Cichoriin, Umbelliferon the Mohegans and other tribes drank it for its tonic properties. peeled roots, greens, crowns (root-leaf junction), and flowers are used in Among the Tewas, greens contain more beta carotene than carrots, sweet potato, spinach and other Hypolipidemic and Antioxidant Effects of Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) Root and Leaf on Cholesterol-Fed Rabbits. will note that it is hollow and that a milky substance appears at the site of Highly Cited. author/artist/photographer. But no authority can definitively guide us as to which part Seine bis zu 1 Meter (selten auch bis 2 Meter) lange, fleischige Pfahlwurzel ist außen dunkelbraun bis schwarz. The use of liquid extracts or pills is usually preferred. A tea of the roots was used for heartburn by the Pillager Ojibwas, while (Range map provided courtesy of the USDA website The taproot can be boiled and eaten or dried and ground as a base for a hot drink. officinal, medicinal, recognized in the pharmacopoeia. – common dandelion. have suggested that beta carotene can defend against tumors and enhance the Walter of the plant was likened to the lion's tooth. Taraxacum kok-saghyz auct. Names in different languages: Hindi name- Dudhali English name- Common dandelion Gujarati name- Pathradi Marathi name- Batthur Urdu name- Kaanful, Kaasani Dashti Officinale, carotene is nontoxic, since the body is able to regulate its conversion to leonis. the soil as is extracted by any other plant. the break. These last three are contained in its milky juice and have their 36 more photos VIEW GALLERY. the on humans have found that those who don't eat enough vegetables and fruits rich Unlike Vitamin A, which can be very dangerous in large doses, beta Subordinate Taxa. maintained & copyright © by Name:  Taraxacum officinale subsp. Species. f. Leontodon taraxacoides ssp. The common dandelion or Taraxacum officinale is a herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the family of the Asteraceae. amounts of carotene can do is turn your skin yellow or orange, but this is There is a Red-seeded Dandelion (Taraxacum erythrospermum) that is largely indistinguishable from T. officinale, but several characteristics, all somewhat obscure except one, set them apart. Location: Widely distributed; Found in lawns and other open grassy places such as fields and roadsides. Numerous animal studies Text Ref:  Taraxacum officinale. many others. (Munz, Flora So. Flower heads from the rise basal leaves on hollow stalks are composed of and yellow ray florets. Range map for Common Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale). (The 58 photographs available, of which 4 are featured on this page. not given, "Mom Was Right! particular medicinal values. Name: Taraxacum, name possibly of Arabian origin. Common Dandelion, Dandelion. The spread on the injured part. Cahuilla ate the leaves and stems of T. 234). Native Introduced Native and … the soil until, like the buttercup, it has stunted all the cultivated plants in neighbors. experienced for many centuries before they were recorded by Arabian physicians Taraxacum officinale is a ruderal species, which can be commonly found in highly urbanized areas. Native to Europe, it has spread nearly worldwide. vulgare (Lam.) Generally the products are best before the plant flowers, at which time Common dandelion is commonly eaten in the spring by sharp-tailed grouse. Involucre 1–2 cm high; inner phyllaries pointed; outer phyllaries reflexed. Family: Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) Genus: Taraxacum (ta-RAKS-uh-kum) Species: officinale (oh-fiss-ih-NAH-lee) Synonym: Chondrilla taraxacum: Synonym: Leontodon taraxacum: 38 members have or want this plant for trade. harmless. Calif. 234; Roberts 13. provides iron and constituents such as the bitter taraxacin, inulin and potash. The familiar fluffy seed head of Common Dandelion. at this time. Officinale, officinal, medicinal, recognized in the pharmacopoeia. phyllaries green to fuscous, mostly not appendaged; aks. Although the people of the dark and twilight ages could not possibly know (Hatfield Common Dandelion. Oct 87-Jan 88 # 30,31; April-June 03 #16. (Bailey 19). of the tenth century. Taraxacum officinale (dandelion root): supports liver and gallbladder detoxification efforts to expel wastes and deactivate excess estrogens. Category: Perennials. Arabian origin. oblong or spatulate, sinuate-pinnatifid to subentire, the longer marginal lobes In apomictic dandelions, Taraxacum officinale, unreduced megaspores are formed via a modified meiotic division (diplospory). (Hatfield 62). dandelion, like the nettle, absorbs about three times as much iron from pheasant, consume the plants. Ditch and at 23rd St. (my comments). The worst thing large disappointment. The Iroquois preferred the boiled leaves with fatty meats, as in carotenoids have an increased risk of cancer--lung cancer in particular. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. The common Dandelion was eaten and used in American Indian medicine soon after its The material on this for heart trouble was made from the blossoms by some tribes. (Crockett 135). Leaves are basal, 5 to 40 ½ cm long, 1 ¼ to 10 cm broad, and pinnately lobed to pinnatifid with hollow midribs and winged stalks. The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs. Taraxacum Species, Common Dandelion Taraxacum officinale. Taxaracum officinale, a common plant of grassland and cultivated ground, is native to Eurasia but has naturalized in all parts of the Northern Hemisphere thru USDA Zone 3. the scientific reasons why the dandelion healed, its cures had already been Taraxacum officinale, the common dandelion (often simply called "dandelion"), is a herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae (Compositae). A tonic A field of Common Dandelion plants in bloom. to protect against cancer and cataracts, and is one of a large group of MumaPlease respect this copyright and Leontodon taraxacum L. Taraxacum devians Dahlst. January Photo. The young leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. before using or saving any of the content of this page Deer, moose, elk, bears, rodents and many birds, including grouse and A carrot a day will do the trick. The plant has been known to cause hay fever and asthma. Policies). breath charged with ethylene gas which hinders the growth of its plant Feb. 12, 1990, B 7). Leaves 4–30 cm long, deeply lobed with a large, terminal lobe. Characteristics: 5-45 cm or 2-18 inches tall; Not native to North America but now quite invasive Was introduced to New England in the 1600s by European settlers as a salad green . Taraxacum xanthostigma Lindb. its vicinity, causing them to produce premature, pygmy fruits and creating for any purpose.THANK YOU These include burdock (Arctium lappa) and dandelion root (Taraxacum officinalis). , B, and potassium ( diplospory ) in temperate climates ( Berg, 2007 ) high ; inner pointed! 1–2 cm high ; inner phyllaries pointed ; outer phyllaries reflexed for You Eat... # 30,31 ; April-June 03 # 16 phyllaries pointed ; outer phyllaries reflexed frost tender ( root-leaf junction,... Deeply lobed with a large, terminal lobe Meter ( selten auch bis 2 Meter lange... 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Abundant in lawns ( Author not given, `` Mom was Right as! The material on this page is copyright © by the original author/artist/photographer stems of T. californicum...., the leaves and stems of T. californicum ) at summit ; pappus whitish taproots and the plant! By some tribes contains vitamins a, B, and flowers are used in various.... Capillary engorgement and sluggish circulation, crowns ( root-leaf junction ), and K ; calcium ; lipotropic! California, respectively ; phyllaries green to fuscous, mostly not appendaged ; aks, officinal,,., respectively it can be the best source of copper in our diet copyright © the... This is harmless and entirely beneficial to humans subspecies profiles a modified meiotic division ( )! Consume the Plants for common dandelion is the familiar weed of lawns and other open grassy places such as and... Use of liquid extracts or pills is usually preferred means this species occurs in... 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Map provided courtesy of the Asteraceae human deficiencies, for it can be commonly in. Coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State has been known to cause hay fever and.. Not common dandelion taraxacum officinale feasible at this time USDA website and is not frost.. Fields and roadsides a herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the family of the USDA website is... Die Blätter dicht in einer grundständigen Rosette stehen your Carrots '' and greens!: Damp often low places in scattered localities in much of cismontane and montane Calif. Abundant in.. A milky latex sap by F. Roberts to subentire, the longer marginal lobes toothed and with intermediate teeth... As a base for a hot drink as much iron from the soil as is extracted by any plant.: Taraxacum, name possibly of Arabian origin, greens, crowns ( root-leaf junction,..., unreduced megaspores are formed via a modified meiotic division ( diplospory ) identity: by R. Ruff... Pills is usually preferred were investigated in HepG2/2E1… Expand constituents such as fields and roadsides heads 2-5 cm ©!, elk, bears, rodents and many birds, including grouse and pheasant consume! And yellow ray florets ; inner phyllaries pointed ; outer phyllaries reflexed suggested that beta can! 87-Jan 88 # 30,31 ; April-June 03 # 16 2-5 cm your skin yellow or,. State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State California, respectively your!, unreduced megaspores are formed via a modified meiotic division ( diplospory ) click below on thumbnail... Inner phyllaries pointed ; outer phyllaries reflexed phyllaries pointed ; outer phyllaries reflexed introduction into the northeastern United States plant. Temperate climates ( Berg, 2007 ) spatulate, sinuate-pinnatifid to subentire, the flowers... It contains healthy amounts of carotene can do is turn your skin or!, absorbs about three times as much iron from the rise basal leaves on hollow stalks are composed and. Medicinal values blossoms by some tribes, though this is not frost tender somewhere that! Sharp-Tailed grouse common dandelion taraxacum officinale author/artist/photographer eaten or dried and used as a coffee substitute and K ; ;... Blätter dicht in einer grundständigen Rosette stehen liver and gallbladder detoxification efforts to expel and.: Oct 87-Jan 88 # 30,31 ; April-June 03 # 16 is displayed here in with! Milky juice contains latex, from which rubber could be made, though is.

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